Kuala Lumpur District
Kuala Lumpur, official name of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), which is often abbreviated by KL, is the federal capital and largest city in Malaysia. The city has an area of 243 kilometers (94 sq mi) of the population of 1.73 million in 2016. The Great Kuala Lumpur area, known as the Klang Valley, is an urban population of 5.7 million in 2010. The Kuala Lumpur is among the fastest growing urban areas in the Southeast Asia region, in terms of both population and economy.
|Kuala Lumpur District|
|— federal territory, city —|
|Wilayah Kuala Lumpur|
|· Malay||Kuala Lumpur(Rumi)|
كوا لا لJawi
|· Han||吉 隆 坡|
|· Vietnamese||Cat Long Pha|
|· Tamil||கோ லா ல ம் பூ ர்|
Clockwise Top Left: Petronas Towers, Petaling Street, Masjid Jamek and the Gombak/Klang syne, National Monument, National Cathedral, the KL scene. Middle: Kuala Lumpur Tower
|Brand name: KL, Garden City of Lights|
|Markou dan Makmur |
(Vietnamese: Progress and Compassion)
Position in Peninsula Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur District
|Coordinates: 3°′ B ″ 10141′36 ″B / 3,1475°B 101.6933°F/3,14750; 101,693.33|
|Grow into a city||February 1, 1972|
|Become a federal territory||February 1, 1974|
|· Urban||243 km2 (94 mi2)|
|· Metropolitan areas||2.243.27 km2 (866.13 mi2)|
|Altitude||21.95 m (72.01 ft)|
|· Federal Territories, cities||1,780.700|
|· Density||6.891/km2 (17.850/mi2)|
|· Metropolitan areas||5,700.000|
|· HDI (2017)||0.857 (very high) (1st)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|Postal code||50,000 to 60000|
|Phone code||AD 03|
|ISO 3166 code||MY-14|
|Sensible city||Mashhad, Karachi, Isfahan, Pyongyang, Ankara, Shiraz, London, Dubai, New Delhi, Delhi, Jakarta, Casablanca, Malacca, Chennai|
|Vehicle license plate||W (except Taxis) |
Kuala Lumpur is the home of the Malaysian National Assembly. The city used to be the headquarters of the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but the agencies moved to Putrajaya in early 1999. A number of the federal judicial machinery remains in the city of the capital. The official palace of the Malaysian King Istana Negara is also in Kuala Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur is Malaysia's cultural, financial and economic center. The city is ranked as an alpha global city, and ranks 48 according to the Global City Index of 2010 in the Foreign Policy.
Kuala Lumpur is limited to the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, which is one of the three federal territories of Malaysia. The territory lies in the middle of the west coast of Malaysia, and is completely surrounded by Selangor.
Since the 1990s, the city has been the home of many international sports, political and cultural events, including the Commonwealth Games of 1998, or the 1 Grand Prix Formula 1 automobile competition. In addition, Kuala Lumpur has the highest double tower in the world Petronas.
History of history
Kuala Lumpur began in the 1850s, when Klang's Malayo president Raja Abdullah, a member of the King Selangor, hired some Chinese laborers to open large and new tin mines. The miners go to the Gombak River (formerly known as the Lumpur River, meaning "muddy river") and the Klang to open the mines in Ampang, Pudu and Batu. These miners developed a trade station and this place became a marginal town.
The people who explored the settlement in Ampang, and formed their organizations. The two biggest organizations are the Hai Son community dominated by the Gia Commune, and the Association of the Hoi Hung people in Fujian, who are constantly fighting for the control over the production of tin in the town. Due to the constant struggle between the two sides, the production of tin mining was stagnant, making the British (now ruling Selangor) appoint a Chinese Kapitan (chief) to manage Kuala Lumpur. Woof Siew, elected as the first Kapitan, he owned a mine in Lukut. He was one of the first businessmen to go to Ampang, sell food to the miners in exchange for tin.
In the beginning, Kuala Lumpur existed many problems, including the Selangor civil war; and also suffer disasters such as disease or fire and continuous floods. Around the 1870s, Kuala Lumpur's third Chinese Kapitan, Yap Ah Loy, became the leader, responsible for survival and systematic development of the town. He began to develop Kuala Lumpur from a small settlements known as a prosperous mining town. In 1880, strategically, Selangor's national capital moved from Klang to Kuala Lumpur.
In 1896, Kuala Lumpur was selected as the capital of the newly formed Federation of Malay States. Many different communities have settled in different areas of Kuala Lumpur. The Chinese predominantly settled around the market trading center, east of the Klang, and headed towards the Chinese city. The Malay, the Indian business class, and the Muslim Indians migrated alongside Java street (now Jalan Tun Perak). Padang, now called Merdeka Square, is the center of the British administrative offices.
During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Army occupied Kuala Lumpur on January 11, 1942. The Japanese occupied the city until August 15, 1945, when the commander-in-chief of Japan's military-to-latio was Seishirō Itagaki per surrender to the British government. In 1957, the Federation of Malaya (Federation of Malaya) gained independence from British rule. Kuala Lumpur remains the capital when Malaysia was founded on September 16, 1963.
On May 13, 1969, the worst ethnic riots in Malaysian history took place in Kuala Lumpur. The phrase from the May 13 event is used to address the violence among the Malaysian and Chinese community members. Violence is the result of a malcontent of the Malaysian people and their social and political status. Riots caused 196 people to die, and led to significant changes in national economic policy to promote and prioritize the Malay in economic development.
Kuala Lumpur was given a city status in 1972, becoming the first ever resident of Malaysia to this position after its independence. As of February 1, 1974, Kuala Lumpur became a federal territory. Kuala Lumpur quit the capital of Selangor in 1978 after Shah Alam was declared the new capital of the state. On May 14, 1990, Kuala Lumpur celebrated the 100th anniversary of the local government, the title and song of the Federal Territory Kuala Lumpur.
On February 1st, 2001, Putrajaya was declared a federal territory, as well as a federal government locality. The legal and judicial functions of the government transferred from Kuala Lumpur to the Putrajaya. However, Kuala Lumpur remained legislative and was the home of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong's Palace.
Geography and climate
Kuala Lumpur is part of the vast Klang Valley, the adjacent valley with the Titiwangsa Mountains east, several small mountains north and south, and the Malacca Channel in the west. Kuala Lumpur is a term in the Malay language, possibly translates as "muddy river crossing" because it lies in the confluence between the Klang and the Gombak River.
Kula Lumpur lies at the center of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, previously under the government of Selangor. In 1974, Kuala Lumpur was removed from Selangor to form a federal territory governed by the Federal Government of Malaysia directly. Kuala Lumpur lies in the west coast of Malaysia, which is larger flat land than the eastern coast. The city has a territory limit of 243 kilometers 2 (94 square miles), with an average height of 21.95 m (72.0 ft).
Protected by the Titiwangsa Mountains east and the island of Indonesia's Sumatra in the west, Kuala Lumpur has a unique tropical climate of rainforests (climate classification Köppen Af), with warm weather throughout the year, and bright rain, especially when there is a northeast season from October to March. ... The high temperature range fluctuates between 31 and 33°C (88 and 91°F) and never exceed 39.3°C (102.7°F), while the low temperature level fluctuates between 22 and 23.5°C (71.6 and 74.3° F) and never exceed 14 (C) 7.9°. Kuala Lumpur usually receives a minimum annual rainfall of 2,600 mm (100 in); June and July are relatively dry, but the rainfall typically exceeds 127 millimeters (5.0 in) per month.
Kuala Lumpur is often flooded whenever it rains buckets occur, especially in the city center and downstream areas. The smoke from the forest fires on the nearby Sumatra island sometimes turns into autumn smoke covering the area. This is the main source of pollution in Kuala Lumpur along with the open fire movement, emissions from vehicles and construction.
|Climate data of Kuala Lumpur|
|Month(s)||1||AD 2||1||AD 4||AD 5||AD 6||AD 7||AD 8||AD 9||AD 10||AD 11||AD 12||Year(s)|
|Critical average (°F)||12.1||32,932.9||33,233.2||33.1||AD 33 |
|AD 34 |
|AD 33 |
|AD 34 |
|Rainfall, mm (inches)||169.5 |
|% of humidity||AD 79||AD 79||AD 78||AD 80||AD 82||AD 80||AD 79||AD 79||AD 80||AD 81||AD 82||AD 79||79.8|
|rainy days TB ( ≥ 1.0 mm)||AD 11||AD 12||AD 14||AD 16||AD 13||AD 9||AD 10||AD 11||AD 13||AD 16||AD 18||AD 15||158|
|Average monthly hours of sunshine||186,003.01||194.9||207.7||198.0||207.7||195,000||201.5||189.1||165,000||170.5||153.0||161.2||2,229.62|
|Source #1: World Meteorological Organization (1971-2000), Hong Kong Observatory (1961-1990)|
|Source #2: BBC Weather (records)|
Kuala Lumpur was run by a single city council, known as the Federal Capital Council Member, from April 1, 1961, until the state of the city was transferred in 1972, and then its authority was passed to the mayor (Datuk Bandar).
Local administration is carried out from the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, which is under the management of the Malaysian Federal Territory. It is responsible for public health and sanitation, elimination and management of waste, urban planning, environmental protection, and management of construction, social and economic development, and maintains the functions of urban infrastructure. The executive authority belongs to the mayor in the town hall, who is appointed by the Federal Territorial Minister and has a term of three years. The system for appointment of this mayor has been in operation since the elections for local government were suspended in 1970.
Kuala Lumpur has eleven districts, among the administrative units under the City Hall. The two western districts are Segambut and Lembah Pantai; while Kepong, Batu and Wangsa Maju are north; Setiawangsa, Titiwangsa and Cheras lie in the west; Seputeh and Bandar Tun Razak are south; and Bukit Bintang at the center of Kuala Lumpur.
| || |
Kuala Lumpur and its surrounding metropolitan areas have become the most industrialized, the best and fastest growing zones in Malaysia. Although the executive branch of the federal government moved to Putrajaya, several government agencies such as the Malaysian National Bank, the Malaysian Commission on Malaysian companies and the Securities Commission and most embassies still place in the city.
Kuala Lumpur is the national center of economics, trade, finance, insurance, real estate, media and art. Kuala Lumpur is an alpha global city, and is the only global city in Malaysia. Infrastructure development in the surrounding areas such as the Kuala Lumpur International Airport at Sepang, the establishment of the ultralized Intermediary Corridor and the expansion of the Klang port is further reinforcing the economic importance of the city. Bursa Malaysia or the Malaysian Stock Exchange is located in the city and forms one of the core economic activities of the city.
The gross domestic product (GDP) of Kuala Lumpur is estimated to reach 73,536 million ringgit in 2008, the average annual growth rate was 5.9 percent. The average GDP per capita of Kuala Lumpur in 2008 was 48,556 ringgit annual growth of 5.9 percent. Total employment in Kuala Lumpur is estimated to be about 838,400. Services including finance, insurance, real estate, business services, retailers, restaurants and hotels, transportation and communications, public services, personal services, and government services represent the largest share of employment, about 18 percent. The other 7 percent came from manufacturing and construction.
The strength of the service sector is apparent through the number of local and foreign banks and insurers operating in the city. Kuala Lumpur, willing to become a global Islamic financial center, with an ever increasing number of financial institutions offering Islamic financial services and the strong presence of the Gulf Financial Institutions such as the world's largest Islamic bank, the Al-Rajhi Bank and Kuwait Financial Services. In addition, Dow Jones & Company worked very hard with Bursa Malaysia to establish an ETFs, thereby improving Malaysia's position in the Gulf. The city has a large number of foreign joint stock companies and has a large number of offices or regional centers for multinational companies, especially finance and accounting, and information technology. Most of the largest Malaysian companies that are located in Kuala Lumpur and in December 2007 are outside Petronas, with 14 of the Forbes 2000 lists located in Kuala Lumpur.
Tourism plays an important role in the city's service-oriented economy. There are many chain of global hotels in the city. Kuala Lumpur is the sixth largest city in the world, with 8.9 million tourists every year. Kula Lumpur Tourism was promoted from the city's cultural diversity of costs, relatively low costs, food and rich procurement. MICE Tourism, which is a conference call, has been developed in recent years and has become a major component, and is expected to grow further as the Malaysian government’s economic transition program has been launched.
|Ethnic groups in Kuala Lumpur - 2010 investigations|
|Other Bumiputera and other peoples||1.8%|
|Religion in Kuala Lumpur — 2010 investigations|
Kuala Lumpur is the most populous city in Malaysia, with a population of 1.6 million in the territory limit by 2010. The city has a population of 6,696 people per square kilometers (17,340 /square-square-square kilometers), and is the top densely populated administrative region in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur was a city in the prime of the urban area with a population of 6.9 million in 2007.
Kuala Lumpur has a mixed population of three major Malaysian ethnic groups: the Malay, the Chinese and the Indian, but the city also exists cultural combinations such as the Europeans, and the Kadazan, the Iban and the indigenous peoples from East Malaysia and the Peninsula. According to the 2010 Census conducted by the Statistics Office, the percentage of Bumiputera population in Kuala Lumpur is around 44.2 percent, while the Chinese make up 43.2 percent and the Indians make up 10.3 percent. There is a notable phenomenon that the increasing presence of foreigners in Kuala Lumpur, which now accounts for about nine percent of the city's population.
The growth rate in Kuala Lumpur fell and the proportion of people under 15 years of age decreased from 33 percent in 1980 to 27 percent in 2000. In other words, the working age group from 15-59 grew from 63 percent in 1980 to 67 percent in 20. 0. Elderly group aged 60 and above rose from 4 percent in 1980 and 1991 to 6 percent in 2000.
Rapid growth led to the emergence of a low-skill wave on Malaysia, they come from Indonesia, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, and Vietnam, many of them are illegally or without proper licenses.
Kuala Lumpur is a place of religious diversity, and the city has worship inter-religious people. Islam is exercised mainly by communities of Malay and Indian under Islam, Buddhism, Confucianism and Christianity implemented mainly in the Chinese community. The Indians have a tradition of joining India to Islam. Some Chinese and Indian are registered as Christians. According to the 2010 Census, the population of Kuala Lumpur, 46.4 percent are Muslim, 35.7 percent are Buddhists, 8.5 percent are Hinduism, 5.8 percent are organic, 1.1 percent are religious or Chinese traditional religious beliefs, 2.0 percent according to other religions, and 5 percent are not religious. ...
Malaysian is the main language in Kuala Lumpur. The people of Kuala Lumpur are generally speaking English, and this language has a strong presence, especially in business and is a required language of schools. The Mandarin Chinese are spoken by the majority of the Chinese. Other dialects are Visitors. Tamil dominates the Indian community, but other Indian languages are spoken as well.
The architecture of Kuala Lumpur is the mixing of influence from the old colonial architecture, the Asian tradition, the Islamic texture of Malay, modern and post-modern. Kuala Lumpur is a relatively young city compared to other Southeast Asian capitals, most of the city's colonial buildings were built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These buildings were feudal or Moor architecture (Mughal), Tudo, New Goth or Greek. Most of the designs were modified so that they could be used locally and adapted to local climates, which are around the year of hot weather.
Before World War II, there were a lot of shellfish whores (Shophouse), they used two floors of ground as prostitutes and upper levels for housing, built around the center of the old city. These prostitutes are inspired by the architectural tradition of the Channel and the Europeans. Some of these prostitutes have to give way to the new development but many of the original whores still exist today around Medan Pasar and Tengkat Tong areas.
From causes such as independence, rapid economic growth from the 1960s to the 1990s, Islam became a state of Islam, which resulted in the construction of more indigenous and Muslim buildings appearing around the city, many of these buildings have designs to come from traditional levels of Ma Lai, such as Bangkok and Bangkok. Some of these buildings have Islamic geometry paintings that are integrated in the architectural design. For example, these buildings are Menara Telekom, Menara Maybank, Dayabumi Complex, and Islamic Center. Some buildings, such as the Malaysian Museum of Islamic Art and the National Astronomy, were constructed in the model of a place of worship, complete with a dome and towers, while in fact they were places of science and knowledge. The Petronas Twin Tower is 452 meters (1,483 ft) the highest in the world.
Modern and modern architecture began to emerge in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Along with economic development, old buildings like Bok House were destroyed by making room for new work. Buildings and structures with glass facets all over the city, the most prominent example is Petronas Pavilion and the Kuala Lumpur Conference Center. The central business area of Kuala Lumpur today moved around Kuala Lumpur City Center (KLCC), where there are new and high buildings with modern and post-modern architecture. According to the World’s highest urban 50 conglomerates of the Council of Cao and Urban Residence (CTBUH), Kuala Lumpur ranks 10 among cities with more than 100 meters high, with a total height of 244 buildings of 34,035 meters.
Lake Gardens, a 92-hectare botanical garden (230 acres), was the first recreation park created in Kuala Lumpur. The Malaysian Parliament Building is nearby, and Carcosa Seri Negara, where once an official residence of the British colony is also located. The park includes the Garden of Cattle, the Garden of Deer, the Hibiscus Garden, and the Kuala Lumpur Bird Park, the largest bird park in the world. Other parks in the city include the ASEAN sculpture garden, KLCC Park, Titiwangsa Lake Park, Metropolitan Lake Park in Kepong, Malaysian Academy of Forestry, Taman Tasik Permaisuri (Queen Lake Park), Bukit Kiara Park, West Valley Pony Park and West Valley Park near TTDI and Bukit Jalil International Park.
Three forest protected areas in the city were Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve in the center of the city, the oldest forest reserve in the country of 10.52 hectares or 26.0 acres, Bukit Sungai Putih Forest Reserve (7.41 hectares or 18.3 acres) and the Bukit Sungai Sungai District (41,1 or 12.3 acres) 04.1 acres. Bukit Nanas, in the center of the city, is one of the oldest primitive forests in the world in a city. These remaining forest areas are home to some of the special animals, Anathana ellioti, pygmy goat, canary, squirrel, and bird.
There is another park in the immediate neighborhood of Kuala Lumpur, i.e., the Templer Park initiated and opened by Sir Gerald Templer in 1954 during the "Emergency."
According to government statistics, Kuala Lumpur had a literacy rate of 97.5% in 2000, the highest in every state and territory in Malaysia. In Malaysia, Malay is the language of teaching in most subjects while English is a compulsory subject. Some schools offer certain courses in Mandarin and Tamil, a number of which are taught. Each level of education requires different skills in teaching and learning capabilities.
Kuala Lumpur consists of 13 university education establishments, 79 high schools, 155 pre-primary schools and 136 kindergartens.
Kuala Lumpur, the University of Malaya (UM), was founded in 1949, was the oldest university in Malaysia, and was one of the oldest universities in the region. This is also the most prestigious university in Malaysia, ranked first among Malaysia's rabies in Times Higher atio (THES) 2004 international university. In recent years, the number of international students at the University of Malaya has increased, a result of increasingly large efforts to attract international students.
Other universities located in Kuala Lumpur are the Malaysian University (IIUM), Tunku Abdul Rahman University (UTAR), UCSI University (UCSI), International Health University (IMU), Malaysia Open University (OUM), Kuala Lumpur University (UniKL), Waan Open University (WOU), Tunku Abdul Rahman (TARUC) and branch students at the Malaysian National University (UKM) and the Malaysian University of Technology (UTM). In Selangor, there are also many universities, most notably branch students: The Malaysian University of Nottingham is located at Semenyih or the University of Monash Malaysia on Sunway. The Malaysian National Defense University is located at the Sungai Besi Army base, south of the Kuala Lumpur Center. The facility was established as the main center for military and defense technology research, with research on the army, navy, and air force.
The Kuala Lumpur metropolitan area includes several additional options from universities including several international branches such as Monash Malaysia University, Nottingham Malaysia University and the Lower Malaysia University.
Driving is a major way of traveling in Kuala Lumpur. So each part of the city is connected by the highway. As Malaysia's capital, Kuala Lumpur has a comprehensive road system that leads to the rest of Malaysia in the peninsula.
On air connections, there are two airports serving Kuala Lumpur. The main airport is the Kuala Lumpur International Airport at the Sepang State of Selangor, which is also the Malaysian air hub, located about 50 kilometers (31 miles) south of the city. The rest of the airport, Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah, also known as Subang Skypark and served as the main international gateway to Kuala Lumpur from 1965 until KLIA opened in 1998. KLIA connects the city through direct flights to the six continents in the world and its central state. Malaysia Airlines and AirAsia cheap airAsia airliner. KLIA approach may take 28 minutes to travel by KLIA Ekspres Expressway from the Kuala Lumpur Station, while traveling by car or bus on the highway will take about an hour. Air Asia’s flights go through KLIA's main airport terminal but through a low-cost airstrip. As of 2007, the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport was only used for contract flights and airborne propeller aircraft such as Firefly and Berjaya Air.
Public transport in Kuala Lumpur and the rest of the Klang valley includes different forms of traffic such as buses, railways, and taxis. Despite efforts to increase public transport, only 16 percent of the population used public transport in 2006. Rail transport in Kuala Lumpur included light railway, quick rail line, single rail line, foreign-made rail line. Kuala Lumpur is served by three separate railway systems, and they meet in the city and spread across other places in the Valley, called RapidKL Light Transit, KL Monorail, and KTM Komuter. These lines have underground stations, above or above the ground throughout the city. The fast railway center is the Kuala Lumpur Central station (KL Sentral), which acts as a exchange center between the lines. KL Sentral is also a central center of the Intercity-run railroad railroad railroad, providing remote railroad services to Singapore in the south, and to the Thai Hat Yai in the north.
The largest public transportation executive in Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley is RapidKL. Since taking over the Intrakota Komposit Sdn, RapidKL has redefined the entire bus network of Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley metropolitan area to increase the number of passengers and improve Kuala Lumpur's public transportation system. RapidKL applies the Hub and-spoke model to make the connection bigger, reducing the need for more buses. RapidKL also ran two light railways in Kuala Lumpur and the Klang Valley, called Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line.
In Kuala Lumpur, most of the taxi is white or red. The city is one of the major cities of ASEAN having a taxi which is common with natural gas. The port of Klang serves the naval transport needs of Kuala Lumpur, which lies 64 kilometers south of the city (40 miles). This is the largest and busiest port in Malaysia, handling about 6.3 million of merchandise in 2006.
Kuala Lumpur was also served by Klang port, about 64 kilometers (40 mi) south-west of the city. This is the largest and busiest port in the country, handling 6.3 million barrels of goods equivalent to twenty feet (TEU) in 2006.
Tourism plays an important role in the service economy of Kuala Lumpur. Many of the largest hotels in the world are present in the city. One of the oldest hotels is Hotel Majestic. Kuala Lumpur is the sixth largest city in the world, with 8.9 million tourists every year. Tourism here has been facilitated by the cultural diversity of the city, relatively low cost, and a range of foods and wide shopping. MICE Tourism, which has predominantly included conventions - which have expanded in recent years to become an essential element of this industry and is expected to grow even further as the Malaysian government's economic transition program began and, by completing a new 93,000m2 central in 2014. Another notable trend is noticeable. the increasing surface of the popular hotels in the city.
The main tourist destinations in Kuala Lumpur include the Petronas Patronas Pavilion, Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur TV Tower, Petaling (Chinatown Square), Merdeka Square, National Palace (Istana Negara Negara, National Museum, Islamic Art Museum, Central Market, KL Bird, LCC Garage, Bearbook, Countries and religious places such as the Sultan Abdul Samad Jamek Mosque. Kuala Lumpur organized many cultural festivals such as the reception of Thaistam at the Sri Mahamariamman temple. Every year at Thaipusam's ceremony, a silver carriage with Lord Muruga's statue and his companion, Valli and Teivayanni, will be marched through the city which began from the temple to the Batu in the nearby Selangor.
The city's entertainment center is mainly focused on the Golden Triangle which includes Jalan P. Ramlee, Jalan Sultan Ismail and Ampang Road. Club clubs, bars and lounge halls, like Marini's 57, Skybar at Traders Hotel, Espanda, Wine Beach, Hard Rock Café, Luna Bar, Nuovo, Rum Club, No Tie, Zouk Club, Zouk Club, and many others are located here.
Kuala Lumpur provided 66 shopping centers and fashions centers in Malaysia as well as Southeast Asia. Shopping in Malaysia had contributed $7.7 billion (US$2.26 billion) or 20.8 percent of the $39.9 billion in tourism in 2006.
Suria KLCC is one of Malaysia's high-level shopping destinations because of its position between the Petronas Twin Towers.
In addition to Suria KLCC, Bukit Bintang District has the largest shopping centers in Kuala Lumpur. Include: Pavilion, fahrenheit, Plaza Yat, Berjaya Times Square, Lot 10, B Plaza, Sungei Wang Plaza and Quill City Mall. Bukit Bintang's Changkat area serves many coffee shops, outdoor meals and illegal activities. Bangsar also has a number of shopping districts, including Bangsar village, Bangsar Valley and Mid Valley Megamall Shopping Center.
In addition to the shopping centers, Kuala Lumpur has designated areas in the city to market products manufactured locally such as textiles, textiles and handicrafts. The Kuala Lumpur Chinatown, known as Petaling Street, is one of them. The Chinatown has many buildings ahead of its independence with the structural influence of Turkey and the Colonial.
In 2000, the Malaysian Ministry of Tourism introduced the Mudsale program in Malaysia. The mega-sale held three times a year - March, May and December - of which all shopping centers were encouraged to join to promote Kuala Lumpur's leading point of purchase in Asia.
Sport and recreation
Kuala Lumpur has many parks, gardens and open space for entertainment purposes. The total open space for land-use entertainment and sports establishments in the city increased substantially 169.6 percent from 5.86 square kilometers (1,450 acres) in 1984 to 15.8 square kilometers (3,900 acres) in 200.
Although Kuala Lumpur has been promoted as one of the cities hosting the World Cup Formula 1, the Auto-Expansion of A1 Grand Prix  and the Motorcycle Grand Prix, the Races organized at Sepang International Race in the Sepang State of nearby. Formula 1 event contributes significantly to tourists and to Kuala Lumpur. This is apparent in the Asian financial crisis of 1997. Although cities around Asia were experiencing decreased numbers of tourists from Kuala Lumpur increased from 6,210,900 in 1997 to 10,221,600 in 2060, 4.6% of tourists. In 2015, the Kuala Lumpur Race was built to hold the Grand Prix motorcycle racing event of Kuala Lumpur City.
Football is one of the most popular sport in Kuala Lumpur. The Merdeka Soccer League is primarily organized at the Merdeka stadium. The city is also home to Kuala Lumpur FA, playing in Malaysia Super League.
Kuala Lumpur organized the official Asian Basketball Championship in 1965, 1977 and 1985. The city's basketball supporters have encouraged Malaysia's national basketball team to the Four Final in 1985, the best in the team so far. Furthermore, the city is home to Westports Malaysia Dragons, ASEAN Basketball Association Champions, and the team plays games in its home court in the MABA Stadium.
KL Grand Prix CSI 5 *, an annual international horse race event held in the city. This annual event appeals to the world's top racers and their highly valued horses to Malaysia.
Other annual sporting events organized by the city include the KL Tower Race, the KL BASE Jump Merdeka Circuit International Marathon and the Kuala Lumpur International Marathon. Kuala Lumpur is also one of the races in Tour de Langkawi.
The Malaysian Open Super Series Badminton is held in Kuala Lumpur.
Kuala Lumpur, which has a series of international level sports institutions that followed the 1998 Commonwealth Games. Many of these facilities include two main stadiums (with runways and soccer stadiums), Bukit Jalil, south of the city and Shah Alam stadium in Selangor. There is also a hockey and swimming pool stadium in the National Sports Complex in Jal Jalil while a swimming pool has more swimming pools in Bandar Tun Razak, next to the Taman Tasik Permaisuri Lake. There are also soccer fields, local sports colleges, swimming pools and tennis courts scattered around the suburbs. The fur and 'takraw' are often included in community rooms. Current headquarters of AFC, the Asian Football Federation, was built in a 4-acre complex (16,000 square meters) in the suburbs of Bukit Jalil of Kuala Lumpur.
Kuala Lumpur has several golf courses, including the Golf Club and the Country School (KLGCC) and the Malaysian Civil Service Club in Kiara and Berjaya at Bukit Jalil. The city also has many large private fitness centers run by Celebrity Fitness, Fitness First, True Fitness and Big Five-Star Hotels.
Kuala Lumpur held the 128th IOC Session in 2015, where IOC elected Beijing as a city hosting the 2022 Winter Olympics and Lausanne as a city running the 2020 Winter Olympics.
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- Kuala Lumpur City Hall
- Kuala Lumpur Travel Guide from Wikivoyage
- Guidelines and evaluation in Kuala Lumpur City
- Geographic data related to Kuala Lumpur at OpenStreetMap
Coordinates: 308′09 B 101417″ / 3,1357°B 101.688°F of 3,1357; 101,688